• Adharit

Linux Directories You Should Know About

What is a directory?

Linux directories are folders that hold files and other data on your Linux system. They can be used to store application software, configuration information, user settings, or anything else you want to keep organized. Each directory has a specific name and location in the filesystem (usually /usr/bin).



There are a variety of different Linux directories and their purposes. This article will provide an overview of the different directories and explain why you might want to use them. Linux Directory Structure Explained When it comes to understanding how Linux is organized, there are many different ways to look at things that can be confusing for new users who don't understand the intricacies of the system or those looking for more detail than what is provided in a book or online tutorial on the subject matter in question (such as this one). The main directory structure in any Linux distribution consists of three main components: The root directory The home directory User-specific data and files The root directory contains most of the content and settings that affect your overall usage experience when using Linux.


Different Linux directories

  • One of the most important Linux directories is the /home directory. This is the directory where you store your personal files and applications. You can store anything you want in this directory, as long as it is placed in a directory that is in the root directory of your computer.

  • The /bin and /usr/bin directories are often used to store executable programs. These directories contain programs that are used by the system, such as the ls and ps commands. You can also use these directories to store your own programs.

  • The /tmp directory is often used to store temporary files. These files are deleted when they are no longer needed.

  • The /usr/share and /usr/local directories are used to store files that are shared by the system and by particular applications, respectively.

  • The /usr/local directory is often used to store files that are specific to a single application.

Disclaimer- Please be careful while performing these steps we are not responsible for any loss to your data or settings


How to access a Linux directory?

Why you might want to access a specific Linux directory? You might want to access a specific Linux directory if you want to view or edit a file in the directory. For example, if you want to view the file called myfile.txt, you would use the following command: cat myfile.txt The cat command allows you to view the contents of a text file.

To access a Linux directory, you must use the cd command. To use the cd command, you must know the absolute path to the directory you wish to access.

The following example shows how to access the directory called /root:

The cd command allows you to change directories (or "go" to a different location on your computer). You can use the cd command to change to any directory on your computer. To access a directory using the cd command, you must specify the path to the directory, followed by the name of the directory. The path is a series of letters and numbers (e.g., /root).


How to create a Linux directory: step-by-step instructions

To create a new Linux directory, follow these simple steps:

Log into your Linux system as the root user.

1. Type the following command to create a new directory named "mydir":

mkdir mydir

2. Type the following command to add a new file to the mydir directory:

touch myfile.txt

3. Type the following command to remove the myfile.txt file from the mydir directory:

rm myfile.txt

4. Type the following command to list the contents of the mydir directory:

ls mydir

You should see the myfile.txt file listed in the mydir directory.


How to delete a directory?

To delete a Linux directory, you must first open a terminal window by pressing the keyboard combination Ctrl+Alt+T or by selecting the Open Terminal Window option from the Application menu. Next, type the following command and press the Enter key:

rm -rf <directory name>

For example, if you want to delete the directory called my Documents, you would type the following command into the terminal window:

rm -rf my Documents

To remove a directory from your computer, you must first determine the mount point for the directory. To do this, type the following command into the terminal window and press the Enter key:

mount <mount point> <directory name>

For example, if you want to remove the my Documents directory from your computer, you would type the following command into the terminal window:

mount /mnt/example/my Documents my Documents

Finally, you would need to use the rm command to delete the my Documents directory. For example, to remove the my Documents directory from your computer, you would type the following command into the terminal window and press the Enter key:

rm my Documents.



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